What is a Gastric Bypass
A gastric bypass surgery is a surgical procedure that helps people with obesity to lose weight and improve obesity-related health problems (type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cholesterol, sleep apnoea, etc.). The procedure aims to make changes in the stomach and small intestine so that the person eats less and the absorption of what they eat is reduced.
Gastric bypass surgery can offer a permanent solution if the person has tried to lose weight with methods such as diet and exercise but has not been successful and has various health problems due to obesity.
How the Gastric Bypass Works
This weight loss method is applied in two stages. In the first stage, a small pouch is formed in the upper part of the stomach and the consumed food is collected in this small pouch. In this way, although the patient eats less, the feeling of satiety is achieved more quickly.
In the second stage, the bypass procedure, also known as bridging, is applied. In this stage, a structural change is performed in the small intestine and the small intestinal tract is shortened so that nutrients are absorbed less. The first part of the small intestine is bypassed and the lower part of the intestine is connected to the small section created in the stomach. The food goes first into a small pouch in the stomach and then into the second part of the intestine.
As a result of the operation, most of the stomach and part of the intestine are removed from the gastrointestinal tract. In this way, the patient eats less and absorbs fewer calories from meals.
A gastric bypass surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. The procedure takes an average of 2-4 hours.
Who is a Good Candidate for Gastric Bypass Surgery
If you meet any of the following criteria, you may be a candidate for a gastric bypass surgery in Turkey.
- You are between the ages of 18-65,
- Your body mass index (BMI) is over 40,
- Your body mass index (BMI) is over 35 and you have additional obesity-related diseases such as hypertension, cholesterol, diabetes, sleep apnea, heart failure,
- You have tried and failed other treatment methods to lose weight,
- You are ready for long-term lifestyle changes, including diet, exercise and medical requirements
If you have uncontrolled diabetes or if you have had weight loss surgery before and gained weight again, you can also have gastric bypass surgery with a BMI below 35, but the surgeon will make the final decision during your consultation.
Possible Risks and Complications of a Gastric Bypass Surgery
The intake of too many calories too quickly after a gastric bypass surgery can lead to the “dumping syndrome”, which causes abdominal cramps, nausea and diarrhoea. Some people experience low blood sugar and fatigue after the surgery. However, with proper care, it is possible to avoid these complications. All patients should take vitamin and mineral supplements after the surgery. If not taken, this may cause B12, iron and calcium deficiencies in the person.
After a gastric bypass surgery, although rarely, problems such as leakage from the staple line in the stomach or obstruction in the intestines may be encountered. It is very important that the operation is performed by an experienced surgeon to avoid these situations.
Frequently Asked Questions About Gastric Bypass Surgery
How long will I stay in hospital after a gastric bypass surgery?
In general, you need to stay in the hospital for 4 nights. Problems that may occur during the preoperative evaluation and postoperative recovery period may prolong this period.
When can I return to work after a gastric bypass surgery?
Patients with a calm work life can return to work after 2-3 weeks. Patients with a job with intense physical activity should wait 6-8 weeks after the surgery.
How much weight can I lose after a gastric bypass surgery?
Weight loss occurs gradually, most rapidly in the first months. Maximum weight loss may require 12-18 months. 70-80% of the excess weight is lost during this period.
How long should I wait to get pregnant after a gastric bypass surgery?
Women are strongly advised to wait at least one year after the surgery to become pregnant. About one year after the operation (depending on how much weight you need to lose), your body will be quite stable and you will be able to give birth to a healthy baby.
Can a gastric bypass surgery be reversed?
It is possible to reverse the operation, but it is not recommended because your risk of complications increases. Reversing the surgery will also increase your risk of regaining the weight you have lost.
Will my hair fall out after a gastric bypass surgery?
You may experience hair loss after the surgery due to rapid weight loss, but it is almost always temporary. Vitamin and protein supplements that you will use after the surgery may help.
How much does a gastric bypass surgery cost in Turkey?
All-inclusive gastric bypass surgery with Turkey Bariatrics costs £3,150. The price includes accommodation, transfer, medications, diagnostic tests, full diagnosis, vitamin and protein supplements, dietitian follow-up for 1 year and lifelong support.